arGentis Pharmaceuticals to commence human clinical evaluation of ARG301 oral altered peptide ligand

September 01, 2017

In preclinical testing, mice susceptible to Collagen Induced Arthritis (CIA) bear a transgene for the human RA MHC susceptibility genes, DR1 or DR4. These mice appear to be resistant to CIA after oral administration of ARG301. Although the precise mechanism by which the specific peptide comprising ARG301 exerts its effect is not yet clear, the interaction of the APL/MHC complex with the TCR appears to play a key role in influencing the differentiation of naive T cells into effector cells.

Based on the experience in animals, oral administration of APLs to preselected ???in vitro??? responders should provide a nontoxic and highly defined therapy for humans with tissue-specific autoimmune diseases such as RA.

42 RA patients will be enrolled a Phase I Trial at the Memphis VAMC which will evaluate multiple ascending doses of ARG301 to be administered orally. The primary objectives of the trial will be to determine if one or more of the three doses of ARG301 given to Rheumatoid Arthritis patients will generate functional T regulatory cells and decrease immune reactivity to CII. The study will have 3 ARG301 treatment arms, each with 10 patients and a placebo arm of 12 patients. Patients will be enrolled who have demonstrated T cell immunity to CII and have an in vitro response to ARG301 at the screening visit. Patients will be randomized to one of the 4 arms, and each of the 3 ARG301 and placebo treatments will be given for 16 weeks.

SOURCE arGentis Pharmaceuticals